Internet-Organisationen Network Associates guide to communication protocols (pdf 862 kb)
world wide web concortium
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) develops interoperable technologies (specifications, guidelines, software, and tools) to lead the Web to its full potential as a forum for information, commerce, communication, and collective understanding. On this page, you will find W3C news as well as links to information about W3C technologies and getting involved in W3C.
ISOC, Internet Society
The Internet SOCiety (ISOC) is a professional membership society with more than 150 organizational and 6,000 individual members in over 100 countries. It provides leadership in addressing issues that confront the future of the Internet, and is the organization home for the groups responsible for Internet infrastructure standards, including the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the Internet Architecture Board (IAB). The Society`s individual and organizational members are bound by a common stake in maintaining the viability and global scaling of the Internet. They comprise the companies, government agencies, and foundations that have created the Internet and its technologies as well as innovative new entrepreneurial organizations contributing to maintain that dynamic. Visit their home pages to see how Internet innovators are creatively using the network. The Society is governed by its Board of Trustees elected by its membership around the world.
Internet Architecture Board. The Internet Architecture Board (IAB) is a technical advisory group of the Internet Society. Its responsibilities include: IESG Selection: The IAB appoints a new IETF chair and all other IESG candidates, from a list provided by the IETF nominating committee. Architectural Oversight: The IAB provides oversight of the architecture for the protocols and procedures used by the Internet. Standards Process Oversight and Appeal: The IAB provides oversight of the process used to create Internet Standards. The IAB serves as an appeal board for complaints of improper execution of the standards process. RFC Series and IANA: The IAB is responsible for editorial management and publication of the Request for Comments (RFC) document series, and for administration of the various Internet assigned numbers. External Liaison: The IAB acts as representative of the interests of the Internet Society in liaison relationships with other organizations concerned with standards and other technical and organizational issues relevant to the world-wide Internet. Advice to ISOC: The IAB acts as a source of advice and guidance to the Board of Trustees and Officers of the Internet Society concerning technical, architectural, procedural, and (where appropriate) policy matters pertaining to the Internet and its enabling technologies.
The IEEE ("eye-triple-E"), The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., helps advance global prosperity by promoting the engineering process of creating, developing, integrating, sharing, and applying knowledge about electrical and information technologies and sciences for the benefit of humanity and the profession. Unter anderem zuständig für die Ausarbeitung der 802 Standards (Data Link Layer)
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is a large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet. It is open to any interested individual. The actual technical work of the IETF is done in its working groups, which are organized by topic into several areas (e.g., routing, transport, security, etc.). Much of the work is handled via mailing lists. The IETF holds meetings three times per year. The IETF working groups are grouped into areas, and managed by Area Directors, or ADs. The ADs are members of the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Providing architectural oversight is the Internet Architecture Board, (IAB). The IAB also adjudicates appeals when someone complains that the IESG has failed. The IAB and IESG are chartered by the Internet Society (ISOC) for these purposes. The General Area Director also serves as the chair of the IESG and of the IETF, and is an ex-officio member of the IAB. The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is the central coordinator for the assignment of unique parameter values for Internet protocols. The IANA is chartered by the Internet Society (ISOC) to act as the clearinghouse to assign and coordinate the use of numerous Internet protocol parameters.
Internet assigned numbers association. (Archivar für die IAB). Dedicated to preserving the central coordinating functions of the global Internet for the public good.
ICANN (löst IANA ab)
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is the non-profit corporation that was formed to assume responsibility for the IP address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management, and root server system management functions previously performed under U.S. Government contract by IANA and other entities. The Board of ICANN is composed of nineteen Directors: nine At-Large Directors, nine selected by ICANN`s three supporting organizations, and the President/CEO (ex officio). Five of the current At-Large Directors were selected according to a vote of Internet users worldwide.
To promote research of importance to the evolution of the future Internet by creating focused, long-term and small Research Groups working on topics related to Internet protocols, applications, architecture and technology
RFCs and the RFC Editor The Requests for Comments (RFCs) form a series of notes, started in 1969, about the Internet (originally the ARPANET). The notes discuss many aspects of computer communication, focusing on networking protocols, procedures, programs, and concepts but also including meeting notes, opinion, and sometimes humor. The RFC Editor is the publisher of the RFCs and is responsible for the final editorial review of the documents. The RFC Editor also maintains a master file of RFCs called the "RFC index", which can be searched online here. It can also be retrieved as a file via FTP (but note that it is 400KB). The specification documents of the Internet protocol suite, as defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and its steering group the IESG, are published as RFCs. Thus, the RFC publication process plays in important role in the Internet standards process Suggestions about RFC publication, or submission of material to be considered for publication as an RFC should be sent via EMail to firstname.lastname@example.org. The RFC Editor function is funded by the Internet Society.
The InterNIC is a concept for an integrated network information center that was developed by several companies, including Network Solutions, in cooperation with the U.S. Government. InterNIC is a registered service mark of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Swiss Academic and Reserach Network. Organisation wo alle .ch und .li Domains registriert werden. The SWITCH foundation was established in 1987 by the Swiss Confederation and the eight university cantons to promote modern methods of data transmission and to set up and run an academic and research network in Switzerland.
P-Nummern Vergabe Europäischer Raum. (APIC=Asia, ARIN = Amerika). RIPE (Réseaux IP Européens) is a collaborative organisation open to organisations and individuals,operating wide area IP networks in Europe and beyond. The objective of RIPE is to ensure the administrative and technical coordination necessary to enable operation of a pan-European IP network. RIPE does not operate a network of its own. For more details see the RIPE terms of reference agreed to on 29 November 1989. Currently, more than 1000 organisations participate in the work. The result of the RIPE coordination effort is that an individual end-user is presented with a uniform IP service on his or her desktop irrespective of the particular network his or her workstation is attached to. In November 1999, nearly 10.000.000 hosts were reachable via networks coordinated by RIPE. RIPE has no formal membership and its activities are performed on a voluntary basis, except the activities performed by the RIPE NCC. Most of the work happens inside several working groups. Each of these working groups has a mailing list where relevant topics and questions can be discussed. RIPE Working Groups meet 3 times a year during RIPE meetings.
IP-Nummern Vergabe Asiatischer Raum (RIPE=Europäisch, ARIN=Amerika).
APNIC is one of three Regional Internet Registries currently operating in the world. It provides allocation and registration services which support the operation of the Internet globally. It is a not-for-profit, membership-based organisation whose members include Internet Service Providers, National Internet Registries, and similar organisations. APNIC represents the Asia Pacific region, comprising 62 economies.
IP-Nummern Vergabe Amerikanischer Raum (RIPE=Europäisch, APNIC=Asiatisch). ARIN is a non-profit organization established for the purpose of administration and registration of Internet Protocol (IP) numbers for the following geographical areas: North America, South America, the Caribbean and sub-Saharan Africa. ARIN is one of three Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) worldwide which collectively provide IP registration services to all regions around the globe
Geschichte des Internets
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